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Artificial Culture

robot_human_handsHow does the way we consider something artificial influence how we think about ourselves, our relationship with technology, and the way our bodies are situated in both subjective and technological thinking? This broad question drove my doctoral research, which examined ‘the artificial’ in various popular cultural forms, from film and television to novels and digitised informatic bodies. I argue that while the artificial might conventionally be thought to show the boundaries of what it means to be human, rather, under sustained scrutiny, mapping the artificial highlights the fuzzy and increasingly blurred line between people and technology, a dissolution in which, nevertheless, embodiment remains centrally important. My resulting doctoral dissertation, entitled  ‘Artificialities: From Artificial Intelligence to Artificial Culture – Subjectivity, Embodiment and Technology in Contemporary Speculative Texts’ was passed by the University of Western Australia in 2006.

A number of publications have been completed relating to my doctoral research, and exploring the relationship between humans, technology in bodies in different fields.


Leaver, T. (2015). Radically Performing the Borg? Gender Identity and Narratology in Star Trek. In D. Brode & S. T. Brode (Eds.), The Star Trek Universe: Franchising the Final Frontier (pp. 65–74). London: Rowman & Littlefield.

Leaver, T. (2012). Artificial Culture: Identity, Technology, and Bodies. New York and London: Routledge. [Paperback version released November 2014.]

Leaver, T. (2012). Artificial Mourning: The Spider-Man Trilogy and September 11th. In R. M. Peaslee & R. G. Weiner (Eds.), Web-Spinning Heroics: Critical Essays on the History and Meaning of Spider-Man (pp. 154–165). Jefferson NC and London: McFarland.

Leaver, T. (2008). “Humanity’s Children”: Constructing and Confronting the Cylons. In T. Potter & C. W. Marshall (Eds.), Cylons in America: Critical Studies of Battlestar Galactica (pp. 131–142). New York: Continuum.

Leaver, T. (2006). Artificialities: From Artificial Intelligence to Artificial Culture (University of Western Australia). University of Western Australia, Perth. https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.5558285 [PhD Thesis]

Leaver, T. (2004). Iatrogenic Permutations: From Digital Genesis to the Artificial Other. Comparative Literature Studies, 41(3), 424–435. [Post-print available].

Leaver, T. (2004). “The Infinite Plasticity of the Digital”: Posthuman Possibilities, Embodiment and Technology in William Gibson’s Interstitial Trilogy. Reconstruction, 4(3).

Leaver, T. (2003). Interstitial Spaces and Multiple Histories in William Gibson’s Virtual Light, Idoru and All Tomorrow’s Parties. Limina: A Journal of Historical and Cultural Studies, 9, 118–130.

Leaver, T. (2002). “Your appeal to my humanity is pointless”: The Borg and Radical Performativity in Star Trek. Outskirts: Feminism Along the Edge, 9.

Leaver, T. (2002). The Discovery of HAL’s Body: Representations of Artificial Intelligence and Embodiment in Science Fiction Cinema. In P. O’Connor & J. Scott (Eds.), Undisciplined Thoughts (pp. 15–22). Black Swan Press.

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